Nursing psychology

Date of publication:2004-1   Press: Guangdong science and Technology Press   Author:Liu Zhichao editor   Pages:154   Words:220000  
Summary

"Nursing psychology" in 2001 July the medium occupation school of medical and health specialty "teaching plan and syllabus compilation" as the leading factor, systematically introduces the basic theory and basic knowledge of psychology, psychological nursing and basic skills. Based on the normal psychological activity law elucidated on the human, summarizes abnormal psychological phenomenon, in order to maintain the integrity of knowledge structure. In twenty-first Century the most important knowledge, is more important than knowledge is the ability, is more important than ability is the psychological quality. By learning this course, make students to enhance their psychological quality at the same time, using the theory and method of psychology, to solve practical problems in the work, improve the level of nursing, the major target of systematic approach to holistic nursing care, the real implementation of the new concept of health in 1989 twenty-first Century WHO put it: "health is not merely the absence of disease, it includes physical health, mental health, good social and moral health."
Catalogue of books

The first chapter is the introduction section psychology overview section second psychological nursing overview section third nursing psychology research principles and methods of section fourth learn heart care psychological significance in chapter second, the basic theory of Psychology Section psychoanalytic theory of behaviorism theory in section third, section second of the theory of humanism, cognitive theory in section fourth section fifth psychological physiology theory in the third chapter of brain and the first section of psychology is the psychological function of the brain section second psychological activity is the objective reality and subjective reflection of the fourth chapter psychological process first recognize second festival mood and emotion process section third will process the fifth chapter personality first overview section second personality characteristics of third personality tendency fourth ego sixth chapter mental development and mental health first section of psychology development overview section second laws of psychological development of third mental health of fourth students and fifth day fetal education in different age and psychological characteristics of the mental health of seventh chapters of psychological defense and psychological stress...... The eighth chapter chapter ninth mental disorder nursing psychology experimental skills to guide the experiment a memory span of attention distribution experiment two experiment three temperament type test in Experiment four, communication skill training -- "sitcom" experiment five clinical questionnaire experiment six clinical psychological investigation and experiment seven relaxation training
Chapter excerpt

Digest imitation and creativity are the two different kinds of ability. Animal can imitate, but cannot create. Imitate only by the available way to solve the problem, and to create new ways and new ways to solve the problem. But they also have a close relationship, because usually people mostly to imitate, and then to create. In this sense, imitation also can say is the premise and foundation of creation. 3 cognitive ability, operation ability and social ability understanding ability is the ability that the individual processing, storage and retrieval of information. People's understanding of the objective world, acquire knowledge, depends mainly on the human cognitive ability. Operation ability is the ability that people control their limbs to complete a variety of activities. Modern society needs "hands and brain" talent, mental workers also need many practical operation. Specific performance skills for the design of each step, use the appropriate tools, can be calculated, and try more, fast, good, province to complete the task. On a care worker, in carrying out holistic nursing care program, the kind of only emphasizing operation ability has not meet the need of modern nursing, training must focus on various ability. Operation ability and cognitive ability can't be divided, not through the understanding ability to accumulate some experience and knowledge, the formation and development will not have the ability to operate. Conversely, if the operation ability can not develop, the human cognitive ability is not likely to be a better development. Social competence refers to the ability of people to display in the social interaction, such as the relationship between doctor and patient communication skills, verbal appeal, organization and management ability, decision-making ability, dispute mediation and handling accident ability etc.. The ability of the organization, has an important role to promote interpersonal and communication. (three) the ability development and individual differences in a person's life, is the ability of continuous development. Capacity development is the general trend, but there are individual differences. The general development of capacity 1 ability show the following trends in each period of life: (1) in childhood and adolescence is the most important period, certain ability development for example, from 3, 4 to 12, 13 year old age, increased with the development of intelligence is almost constant, along with the age growth, intelligence development tends to be smooth (5 - 1). That suggests people, the development of early education on ability is very important. (2) the intelligence of people between 18 and 25 years old (also the scholar thinks to 40 years old) reached its peak, but reached the peak, different components of mental time is different (Figure 5.2). That suggests people, attention should be paid to the combination of age structure on the intellectual development of different components. (3) according to the study on human intelligence lifelong development, the liquid intelligence man has a downward trend after middle age, and crystallized intelligence in life are stable growth (Figure 5.3). This suggests that the people, the development of intelligence throughout life, and actively participate in social and cultural activities, is very good for keeping the brain intelligence and mental health. (4) the youth is life's most long and the most powerful period, is also the ability of relatively stable development period, between 25 and 40 years old, people often creative activity. This suggests, should actively create conditions, give full play to the talents of young people. (5) there are individual differences in development ability, development ability of high speed, peak time of late; development capacity low, peak time. This suggests, to teach, not buried talent, don't push them. The ability of individual differences in the ability of people to 2 size, intelligence level is low, this is an objective reality. Analysis from two aspects of quality and quantity can ability difference, qualitative differences inAs each one has special ability, also showed differences in ability types; amount of difference is the age difference in the development level and capacity performance. (1) type difference ability: mainly in the perception, memory, language, thinking and imagination. For example, perceived ability, analysis of some people is clear, the details of perception, but the overall fuzzy; some people are integrated, the perception is general and integrity, but often "to pay no heed to detail"; others belong to the comprehensive analysis of type. In memory, some people longer than the image memory, some people are good at symbol memory, some people showed a strong movement memory. In the language and thinking ability is eloquent and literary talent, image thinking and abstract thinking pattern differences. Differences in ability type does not sign the ability, only shows the tendency of development of different. (2) the difference ability development: all have different levels of development. Development ability and intelligence showed normal distribution in the population: two small, intermediate, which is very good and people with intellectual disabilities are at the two extremes, individuals are becoming less and less, and the vast majority of people in the middle of different levels (see Chapter ninth section third). (3) the ability of age differences in performance: sooner or later development of human capability. Some people, such as "children come to" China's Tang Wang Bo, 10 years old can Fu; Austria musician Mozart, 5 years old started composing at the age of 6, held a violin recital, 8 year old son, try the symphony, opera. Some people are "late bloomer", such as the great painter in modern China's Qi Baishi, 40 years old to show talents; Darwin young British was that mental retardation, 50 years after the gradual research results, eventually became the founder of the theory of evolution. A variety of capabilities including intelligence, is an important aspect of personality characteristics, to a certain extent determines a person's success, the ability to recognize the difference and evaluate its, can make the person is different, as it can. But, as a whole, the psychological impact each other in each other, at the same time, psychological factors and biological and social factors interact. When talking about the achievement problem, EQ and other non intellectual factors such as personality, will, emotion, motivation, interest also plays an important role, we should not be one-sided understanding of the role of intelligence, the absolute. (four) the ability of human factors affecting the formation and development of ability is the basis of genetic quality, environment and education, through the subjective efforts in the study and practice activities and gradually formed and developed. The congenital quality of 1 genetic quality is the life of some anatomical and physiological features, such as the sense organs, motor organs, nervous system, especially the structure and function of the brain. Congenital quality is the ability to form and development of material basis, but it does not mean the ability, it only provides the ability to the formation and development of the possible and the premise. Living environment 2 acquired environmental factors is the key to the ability of the formation and development of. Research shows that children's psychology, children born after nerve cells sharply in adaptation to the environment in the development of mature, with a surprising response and learning ability to actively explore the world around. The lack of stimulation of environment on children's psychological development is extremely harmful. Such as interpersonal environment deprivation can hinder the intellectual development of children, childhood retire children are intelligence dysplasia. The development of 3 education education effect on the ability to play a leading role. Students taught by the teachers, learning and the accumulation of knowledge, skills, and thus the formation and development of various abilities. Especially a good early education can obviously promote the intellectual development. American psychologist Bloom (]3rome) by tracking research thinks, development of children's intelligence if you reach the age of 17 when the intelligence level as 100, then finished 50% in the past 4 years; 4 - 8 years to complete the 30%:9 - 17 20%,. Thus it can be seen, the role of education and environmental factors in the more rapid development of early childhood intellectual influence, after each period for the intellectual development of a slow period, the impact is relatively reduced. 4 the development of social practice, the congenital quality of environment and education on personal ability, must be realized through social practice. Social practice has the decisive significance for the development of direct ability level, practice is an important way for capacity development. Test is the only standard of truth. Every one of Edison's inventions are through thousands of experiments; micro surgeon for replantation of severed finger is result of assiduous practice countless times. 5 subjective effort if the lack of subjective efforts and hard work, even if all above factors has the advantage, also cannot make the ability to smooth development and achievements. "Genius is hard work", at the same time, lack of diligence can make up some ability, and make the quality on the level of the people to make surprise, commonly referred to as "the slow need to start early." is the truth.......
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