This textbook based on the 2007 national secondary occupation education teaching plan, refer toNational health professional and technical qualification examination outline writing. The book includes an introduction, cells, tissue, basic motion system, digestive system, respiratory system, urinary system, reproductive system, circulatory system, sensory nerve system, endocrine system, summary and embryology, introduced the basic knowledge, the morphological structure of normal human body and its regularity of occurrence and development of the basic theory, basic skills, practicality and applicability outstanding teaching materials. This textbook for secondary occupation school of nursing, midwifery students to use, also can be used for reference in medical staff.
The concept and status of the discipline, the anatomy and histoembryology composition and division two, body three, common anatomical position and terminology of: histological staining cells used the first chapter first cell membrane, cell membrane structure, membrane two basic functions of a second day, two, cytoplasmic organelles matrix and inclusion in section third, two nucleus, nuclear chromatin and chromosome three, nucleoli and nuclear matrix second chapter basic tissue section epithelial tissue, covering epithelium, glandular epithelium and gland two section second connective tissue, connective tissue proper two, cartilage and cartilage, bone, blood three four third muscle tissue, smooth muscle, skeletal muscle, myocardium two three fourth day nerve tissue, two, a neuron glial cells, nerve fibers, three of four nerve endings chapter third motion system first bone and bone, two, a summary of trunk bones and link three, link four, skull and bone and its connecting section second bone Skeletal muscle, a summary of the two, three, four muscles of trunk muscles, limbs muscle chapter fourth digestive system section a, chest, abdominal signs marking line two line three and the partition, the composition and function of the digestive system digestive tube section second, the fine structure of digestive tube two, three, four, oral pharynx esophagus five, stomach six, small intestine seven, e. third digestive gland, liver, oral gland two, three pancreatic section fourth peritoneal, peritoneum and peritoneal cavity two, peritoneal and organ department three, peritoneal forming the structure of the fifth chapter of respiratory system section a, nose, throat, respiratory tract, the trachea and larynx two main bronchus second lung, lung of the position and shape of two, lung and pleura projection three, pulmonary vessels four, the micro structure of the lung section third pleural and mediastinal pleura, mediastinum, two chapter sixth urinary system first kidney, kidney position and form two, kidney three, section structure the fine structures of the second section micturition kidney, ureter, bladder pipe two The seventh chapter three, urethral reproductive system of the male reproductive system, the first day of a male sex organs in two, male genitalia, urethra three male second female reproductive system, two a female internal genitals, female external genitalia, the eighth chapter three breast vascular system section a, vascular system composed of two, blood circulation path section second cardiovascular system, heart two, pulmonary vessels in three, systemic artery in four, systemic venous third lymph system, lymphatic vessels, lymphatic organs two ninth chapter first day as a sensory device, two eye, eye, eye side three vessels in second section a, ear vestibular apparatus two, the middle ear, inner ear three section third skin, skin micro structure two, skin appendages in Chapter tenth the first section provides an overview of a nervous system, neural system composed of two, the activities of the nervous system three, nervous system terminology section second central nervous system, spinal cord, brain three, two of the brain and spinal cord The membrane and vessels in four, ventricular and circulation of cerebrospinal fluid of third day of peripheral nerve system, spinal nerve two, brain three, splanchnic nerve section fourth of the brain and spinal cord conduction path, sensory conduction road two, road eleventh chapter of motor conduction secretion system section second endocrine gland, thyroid, a two in three, adrenal, pituitary twelfth chapter four summary section of human embryology, sperm maturation, oocyte mature two, second section three fertilized embryo early development of a cleavage, blastocyst formation, two three, four, third section into decidual fetal membrane and placenta, fetal membranes, a two fourth day fetal placenta the circulation of the blood, fetal blood circulation features two, fetal postnatal changes in the cardiovascular system anatomy and embryology experiment instruction experiment a microscope structure and use, the basic organization (a) experiment two basic organization (two) experiment three bone and bone connection (a) in Experiment four, bone and bone connection (two) experiment five bone Thirteen of the peripheral nervous system of twelve central nervous system general structure of experiment eleven vasculature muscle experiment six digestion, respiratory system general structure of experiment seven digestive, respiratory system experimental fine structure of eight urinary, reproductive system general structure in experiment nine, urinary, reproductive system experiments of micro structure of ten vascular system experiment of micro fine structure of general structure of experimental fine structure of fourteen endocrine system general structure of experiment fifteen embryos in Appendix 1 appendix 2 hours distribution network study guide
The first chapter cell is the basic unit of the body structure, physiological function and growth. The metabolism and physiological functions of the human body, are based on the cell is the basic unit of. Even if is the body disease occurrence, development is closely related with the structure and function of cells. Therefore, all has the vital significance to study cell the basic morphological structure and physiological function of understanding the life activity of human body and the subsequent course of studying pathology. Human cells of different sizes, shapes, different functions, but the basic structure can be found in the optical microscope for cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus three part. By learning this chapter, composition and structure of master cell membrane, morphology, structure and function of organelles in the cytoplasm; familiar with the concept of chromatin and chromosome; to understand the basic function of cell membrane. The first section of the cell membrane chemical composition of core knowledge 1 can you tell the cell membrane? 2 think, what are the characteristics of cell membrane structure? The cell membrane is a layer of film, bag in the cytoplasm or membrane separated from the outside, the inside the cell, outside material, make it become a relatively independent functional units. Structure of cell membrane (a), the morphology and structure of cell membrane of cell membrane is difficult to distinguish in the optical microscope. By electron microscopy, the cell membrane is divided into a middle layer darker, two layer and a lighter color, the three layers are called unit membrane. In addition to the surface outside the cell membrane, organelles and the nucleus in the cytoplasm are also covered by a layer of membrane, usually the extracellular surface membrane called the cell membrane or cell membrane, the membrane cell phase structure of the film called the endometrium or endomembrane system. Membrane composition of organelles, such as mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum membrane part, there is a barrier between them and the general cytoplasm, there were some material transport. Membrane and cell membrane also has three layers of structure, the thickness and composition of the film is different. The whole cell membrane structure is developed based on the unit membrane, also known as biological membrane.......
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