Epidemiological practice guidance

Date of publication:2002-8   Press: University of Science & Technology China press   Author:Ye Dongqing   Pages:157  
Preface

Epidemiology has a special status in medicine, it is not only a leading subject of preventive medicine, but also as a scientific group, plays an important role in three areas of medical education, research and service. Let the students of different majors widely understood and accepted the epidemiology and way of thinking, is needed to complete the task of teaching of epidemiology. According to the epidemiological teaching needs, combined with the actual situation of the schools, on the basis of the case, I lead organization, Nanjing Medical University, Medical University Of Anhui, Wangnan Medical College, Bengbu Medical College and Anhui University of Traditional Chinese Medicine five university "epidemiological practice". The book was published in six years, most of the young editors write have become the epidemiology teaching and research of the backbone and the backbone. In the process of using this book, these young editor, is a textbook writers, and is a professor, which makes the teaching effect of the book has been brought into full play. Therefore, the book has been the school teachers and students, promote the school teaching benefits teachers as well as students, promote the teaching reform of epidemiology course teaching. In 2007, Medical University Of Anhui "epidemiology" course for the national excellent curriculum, this book is a national level excellent courses is an important part of. In recent years, the book is more and more popular in the teaching of epidemiology, many schools require the book reprint. In order to meet the needs of some schools, we combine the progress and teaching epidemiology in recent years, the problems in the process of teaching, decided to part the Revised Reprint of the book. The new edition "maintains the basic epidemiological practice guidance" system, structure. Writing in the basic knowledge and basic skills to highlight the basic theory, mainly, to cultivate the students' independent thinking and the ability to work independently, in addition to a small book based index arrangement must be mastered, most epidemiological case of typical project were discussed, analysis, make the students through a case, from the outside to the inside, from the shallower to the deeper understanding and acceptance methods and thinking of epidemiology. In strengthening the epidemiological field work at the same time, also pay attention to training to strengthen the laboratory operation and practical ability of students, so that students can not only learn the field work method, but also can master the basic skills for laboratory.
Summary

"Epidemiology Practice Guide (Second Edition)" according to the epidemiological teaching needs, combined with the actual situation of the schools, on the basis of the case, I lead organization, Nanjing Medical University, Medical University Of Anhui, Wangnan Medical College, Bengbu Medical College and Anhui University of Traditional Chinese Medicine five university "epidemiology practice Guide (Second Edition)". Epidemiology has a special status in medicine, it is not only a leading subject of preventive medicine, but also as a scientific group, plays an important role in three areas of medical education, research and service. Let the students of different majors widely understood and accepted the epidemiology and way of thinking, is needed to complete the task of teaching of epidemiology.
Catalogue of books

Introduction to the second edition first edition preface practice 1 disease frequency measurement practice 2 disease distribution practice 3 survey practice 4 screening and diagnostic test assessment practice 5 case-control study practice 6 cohort study practice 7 bias and its control practice 8 unknown etiology disease investigation practice 9 preventive inoculation effect evaluation of the practice of 10 outbreak investigation practice 11 genetic epidemiology application practice 12 serum epidemiology practice 13 molecular epidemiology practice 14 disinfection and effect evaluation of the practice of 15 disease surveillance practice 16 clinical trial design practice 17 medical literature review and writing practice 18 EpiInf0 software application in epidemiology review questions questions for review reference answer reference
Chapter excerpt

Practice 12 serum epidemiology [Objective] through the topic discussion, learn and understand the application of serum epidemiology; through serological experiment operation, grasp the serum markers of hepatitis B, the common principle and method for testing serum markers of chronic diseases such as blood glucose, blood lipid. [time] 6 hours [content] serum epidemiology is an important branch of epidemiology, by determination of serum composition and distribution of the objective situation, to study the presence of disease in the crowd, for disease prevention research and provide scientific basis for. The relatively stable population were prospectively serum epidemiology investigation, may contribute to the understanding of the natural history of the disease population. In recent years, with the rapid development of immunology and computer information technology, serological detection techniques have to fast, accurately quantified automated detection and rapid development. Epidemiological study on serological technique has been widely used in infectious diseases and metabolic diseases and non communicable diseases. As H_BY 'serum markers of hepatitis B, measles and measles; blood glucose and blood lipid and coronary heart disease, diabetes, hyperuricemia and gout, cytokines and tumor etc.. In addition, some studies showed that the virus titer of antibody increased phenomenon in certain tumor or chronic disease, suggesting a possible etiologic relationship between them. Some people suffer as biological indicators of tumor or chronic disease risk threat. Such as EBV and Burkitt's lymphoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, measles virus and subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE). The practice in addition to related problems of outbreaks of infectious diseases are discussed, also introduced the HBsAg testing operation and blood glucose detection experiment content. The 12.1 issue of antibody level investigation, often is respectively before the occurrence of the disease or the early onset and two weeks after the onset or recovery stage serum. If the first serum antibody negative, second serum antibody, called seroconversion, indicating a possible primary infection. If the first antibody was positive, second serum antibodies increased ≥ 4 times, also known as the antibody positive conversion, said the past there have been infected with the patient, the re infection or latent infection is activated during the paired sera were collected. The epidemiology of common antibody positive conversion rate to evaluate the changes of antibody positive rate of population situation.
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