Community medical guide

Date of publication:2010-7   Press: Chinese Books Publishing House   Author:"Community medical guide" editorial committee   Pages´╝Ü223  
Preface

"Community" refers to a "friendship" or "fellowship" in Greek means, in twentieth Century 30 time only as an academic term was introduced into china. At present, we speak of "community", say, is the primary generalized; specifically, from the broad masses of the people is the nearest region. In recent years, the community mental health more and more attention, this is the inevitable result of social development. The psychological problems of why the attention of the society? Because of the psychological health is the health of the half, everyone needs to mental health. With the improvement of living standards, people will pay more attention to the health, especially mental health, has become the basic needs of the people to pursue high quality of life. At present, with the rapid development of China's economy, the social economic system reform is deepening, social competition is intensifying, the status quo of mental quality has been unable to meet the social requirements. The social support system is weakened, the contingency factors psychological increased dramatically, which influence people's health from disease, infectious disease and people's behavior and way of life is closely related to the disease development. In the new medical reform under the guidance of the spirit, the party and state pay more attention to the work of community health care, community medical work in community construction planning, into the community health services and other business category. Prevention of mental illness and to promote the development of community people's mental health is more important. WHO (WHO) send to the world to know about health, this is the "health, not just the absence of disease or physical weakness of the phenomenon, but a physical, psychological and social satisfaction state". Man is a unity composed of biological factors, psychological factors, social factors of the three, the three together restrict people's health and disease. To maintain and promote the health, treat the disease, in addition to pay attention to biological factors, must not ignore the psychological and social factors. WHO proposed a sacred mission to the medical workers around the world: in health problems to heal people's body and at the same time, but also pay attention to the social, psychological and other aspects to intervene, only in this way, the health of human beings can get real maintenance. The so-called mental health ability, mainly refers to the ability to maintain, adjust, improve, improve their psychological health level.
Summary

This book includes: the content of psychological, developmental psychology knowledge, patient psychology problems. "Community medical guide" by "community medical guide" editorial writing. "Community medical guide" by China books publishing house.
Catalogue of books

The
the first chapter mental health
the first day the concept of mental health
second mental health standards
third mental health maintenance of
second chapter development psychology knowledge of
the first developmental psychology overview of
second infant and early childhood mental development
third day late infancy children psychology development of
Fourth childhood psychological development of children
fifth childhood psychological development of children
sixth adolescent psychological development.
seventh day early adulthood psychological development of
section eighth years early psychological development.
ninth middle-aged period of psychological development.
tenth day old age the psychological development of
third chapter patient psychology problems of
the first section "the patient" the general concept of
second patients psychological reaction of
Third the psychological needs of patients.
Fourth kinds of patient psychosocial problems and intervention measures of
fourth chapter of psychosomatic medicine and psychosomatic diseases.
the first festival of psychosomatic medicine and psychosomatic disease overview of
second common psychosomatic disease.
third psychosomatic disease prevention principle and method
fifth chapter of mental disorder of
the first day of eating disorder
second day sleep disorders
third neurosis
Fourth personality disorder
fifth psychological barrier
sixth chapter of modern psychological assessment and psychological testing and
the first of the Modern Psychological Assessment Overview
second psychological test
the seventh chapter of psychological intervention on the
the first psychoanalytic therapy.
second behavioral therapy
third biofeedback therapy.
Fourth client centered therapy.
fifth cognitive therapy.
sixth hypnosis
seventh Chinese psychological therapy.
eighth psychological counseling and mental illness in the community the rehabilitation of
: Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90)
Chapter excerpt

Illustration: (2) understanding. Born in second years, children's understanding of language ability to get the astonishing development. Children not only by the orienting response answer others on his word, and often take action to answer the words of others. For example, adult asked "cat", the children will watch kittens or looking for the cat. Late infancy, children have been able to perform simple principal. (3) vocabulary. Late infancy children began to speak. 1 years old children can say 2 to 3 words, but can understand more than 10 words. By the age of 1.5, has been able to understand a few words. In psychology, the children can understand and could not say words, called "negative words"; can understand and can take the initiative to use words, called "active vocabulary". Children initially said all words, but these words with gestures, expressions, but the expression of a complete sentence, the implications of the. For example, children's hands, shouting "Mom", which is actually the "hold my mother", and "mother" the words "hold my mother" the integrity of the meaning of sentences. Because of this characteristic, this stage called "word sentence stage". (two) period of more than words (1.5 ~ 3) (1) understanding. Children can understand the real name initially around and around people's names, then can understand the action nameThat, by the end of second, almost can understand directly about the things they and their activities, third years, children can understand adult tissue they action words, also can understand to describe their familiar words and actions, but also can understand about they have no direct perception of things. Speech at a certain extent, so that it will be possible to use the word to impart knowledge. (2) vocabulary. Children's vocabulary is increasing rapidly. 2 years of age is about 250 ~ 300 words of master; 3 years of age, about 500 ~ 700 words to master, and master the words become signals at the same object, word began to have a general. (3) grammar. This stage, the use of the hands of words children form sentences in forms of two or three words, so this stage is called "the period of more than words". This period children say words, can express more complex ideas, but the structure is often associated with adult is different, in the native language grammar is just in the initial stage of development.
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