Preventive medicine

Date of publication:2003-9   Press: Higher Education Press   Author:Zhong Caigao   Pages´╝Ü411  
Preface

Remember in more than 10 years ago, I do breathing professional professor in former West China Medical University, often lectures over, I think of this problem: education is carrying the burden of responsibility, how? I take leadership positions, from the initial medical university Vice Chancellor, the provincial health department director, Vice Minister of the Ministry of health now, to the Chinese Doctor Association, although never in charge of the teaching work, but the problem is often haunt me, thinking has never stopped, even today, the answer is becoming increasingly clear, clear! That is to develop education, to improve the education idea, first must undergo profound changes, the connotation of education must be greater by extension, we should reform the teaching mode. Specific to the medical education, there are a few points: my personal views on Teaching: first, medicine is related to the life, health science, and therefore must be emphasized rigor; second, medicine is a borderline science, and is developing very fast, it should be stressed that teachers knowledge constantly updated, growth ability and accept new knowledge in theory, the expansion of demand, meet the students' knowledge; third, the medical work in addition to mend his ways to save him, but also relates to the ethical, moral, legal and other issues, therefore, medical education should increase the number of social science knowledge, and strengthening the training of medical students humanistic spirit; fourth, morphological medical professionalThe curriculum more, learn to memorize the hard back, but the actual use are very stressed flexibility. Therefore, attention to the cultivation of image thinking and logical thinking of students, that is usually what we call the clinical thinking ability, this is an important point. In the text: first, the content in the emphasis on "three basic" at the same time, should be able to reflect the development and change of disease spectrum and discipline; second, pay attention to content in science at the same time, should be for the sake of teaches and scholars, is complicated, profound knowledge, represented by text or graphics simple; third, teaching materials should fully reflect the characteristics of medical of this discipline, that is, the content of many morphological method. Therefore, should do with pictures, and even some contents of available video to express. Although he has some ideas of teaching and teaching material construction, but the higher education press asked me to order this set of textbooks of medicine, but I was very embarrassed. One is I leave education, clinical X- years; two is previous I invited a lot of other experts to do the order or sequence to a lot, the authors do not would favour one more than another suspected. But I read the materials planning and part of the chapter, a bright eyes, can not help but let go. This set of teaching materials have many novel in the content, form 1 Basic Disciplines: materials that combine the theory and clinical, cut to make the subject system and give simple and complex content, highlighting the characteristics of clinical services, lay the foundation; 2 clinical teaching materials according to the changes of disease spectrum in recent years the emphasis, introduces the common disease in clinic, medical knowledge, technical means. But increases in recent years is recognized, mature new knowledge, new technology; 3 this is the three-dimensional teaching material, a set of real significance not only illustrated, and with students and teachers teaching multimedia CD-ROM disc. CD rich in content, there are a large number of pictures, the medical record analysis, advances in lectures, exercises. Greatly enriches the content of teaching materials, to medical education should be based on visual teaching objective; 4 this set of textbook author editor contingent of young, average age of more than 50 years old, for the returned personnel as the backbone, and active in teaching, clinical a gleam of. More importantly, this set of textbooks because properly planned, rich in content, to improve the printing quality at the same time, does not increase the length, increase the price, reduce the financial burden on students. The "pathology" as an example, the color printing, there are nearly 500 pieces of pictures. And optical disc with student, a pathology report Library (with 17 CPC) and Gallery (with 302 pieces of rare color), and the price but 60 yuan.
Summary

"Preventive medicine" for clinical medicine, dentistry, nursing, pharmacy, medical and mental health and other non preventive medicine specialty undergraduate textbook, covering the preventive medicine two disciplines: the content of the preventive medicine is divided into 3 parts and 20 chapters, about 600000 words, 27 illustrations. The first chapter is introduction to public health, mainly discusses the relationship between the human environment and health; second is the disease prevention and control, prevention and control measures related to public health problems are mainly introduced in the crowd; third is the population health research methods, mainly introduces the commonly used medical statistics and epidemiology research methods. The teaching goal is to strengthen the prevention strategy of ideological education for students of non preventive medicine students in medical education, to enable students to firmly establish the "prevention first", "health concept" the basic idea, the ability to use the basic principle with prevention medicine and methods to carry out "Three Prevention" work in the practice of medical and health work. Object of this book is the main medical college adult education of undergraduates, but also can be used as medical occupation qualification examination, the self-study exam and graduate entrance exam review or reference book.
Catalogue of books

Introduction the first introduction of the first chapter of public health, environment and health overview of human and environment second environmental pollution and its effect on the health of the second chapter of living environment and health first festival atmosphere in section second section third of its drinking water environment section fourth health-related products, the third chapter of food and health the first festival food nutrients in section second reasonable nutrition section third special populations nutrition section fourth investigation and evaluation of nutritional status of fifth day food foreign source material health problem in Chapter fourth occupation environment and health first occupation environment harmful factors in the second day occupation hazards health hazards in section third, occupation health care workers fifth chapters of the social environment and social factors and health section health second psychological factors and health behavior factors and health section third of chapter sixth preventive health strategy section of primary health care section second disease three grade prevention section of the third health law and health supervision second disease prevention and control of local disease control in Chapter seventh section second section of iodine deficiency disease endemic disease section third of chapter eighth prevention and control of infectious diseases in the first section outlines second important. The ninth chapter infected control foodborne disease prevention first nutritional diseases second food poisoning, the tenth chapter of non communicable disease control and prevention first section summarizes second important festival of chronic non communicable diseases, third of chronic non communicable diseases prevention measures in Chapter eleventh, occupation disease prevention first occupation disease overview section second occupation poisoning third pneumoconiosis in section fourth the common physical factors of occupation disease chapter twelfth iatrogenic disease prevention first section summarizes second common iatrogenic diseases in thirteenth chapter social disease prevention first section summarizes second common social disease third population health research methods. The fourth chapter of medical statistics statistical overview of some basic concepts in section second statistical data types in section third the statistical work of the basic steps of fourth tables and charts fifteenth chapter numerical variable data statistical analysis of section numerical variable data statistical description in section second numerical variable data statistical inference for third day average F test and variance analysis "inspection section fourth chapter sixteenth classification variables statistical analysis of the data section categorical data statistical description in section second Categorical data statistical inference on third r test in the seventeenth chapter of other commonly used statistical analysis methods first rank sum test in section second, linear correlation and linear regression of eighteenth chapters in epidemiological study section section second descriptive study third segment analysis research method in section fourth of chapter nineteenth experimental disease etiology explore section section second disease research methods in section third flash causal inference reference schedule schedule l critical value of T schedule 2-1 critical value of F schedule 2-2 critical value of F schedule 2-3 critical value of F table 2-4 F boundary value table 3 table (Student-Newman-Keuls test) CI CI CI schedule schedule schedule schedule 4-1 percentage the percentage of 4-2 4-3 percentage of 5 critical value of R2 schedule 6 signed rank test critical value of T table 7-l Wilcoxon two sample rank sum test critical value of T schedule 7 2Wilcoxon two sample rank sum test critical value of T Schedule 8 Krukal-Wallis test H value of schedule 9 critical value of R content of the sample control study table 10 of L cases (a=O.05) content of the sample control study schedule 10-2 case (a=0.01) RNIs and fat schedule 11-l energy and protein supply Than the schedule 11-2 common and trace elements in RNIs or Als schedule 11-3 fat soluble vitamins and water-soluble vitamin RNIs or A1s English vocabulary lists
Chapter excerpt

Illustration:
Editor recommends

Construction of Higher Education Press of medical materials, by the national higher education research China physicians, and our country several famous medical colleges common in early 2002 launched, planning, and then there are dozens of colleges to join. This teaching material construction a total of nearly two thousand authors to write, have not only the medical circles, academician of Chinese Academy of engineering, medical professional committee leadership and academic backbone in them, the more gratifying is also absorbed a large number of in the teaching, clinical front-line teachers. "Higher Education Edition" medical textbooks in addition to keep domestic textbooks has "Three Basics" knowledge, change with the transformation of medical model, disease spectrum, delete the old theory, content, add new knowledge, new technology is recognized by the. And in order to display three-dimensional, serialized form for the majority of teachers and students, fully embody the characteristics of medical education. I clubs in recent years, in addition to being published, other professional level of medical materials, will be the construction of teaching resources storehouse, the corresponding subject website, in order to provide three-dimensional teaching system, teaching the teaching purpose solution. The pursuit of educational philosophy, advanced teaching methods, the construction of excellent teaching material, it is our common desire!
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