In twenty-first Century the reform oriented curriculum system and teaching content, improving the comprehensive quality of students, cultivating students' practical ability and knowledge innovation ability, is the realization of "rejuvenating the country through science and education" strategy embodied in twenty-first Century and the requirements for personnel training. To this end, the national medical colleges and universities according to their own situation to actively carry out exploratory research, and achieved remarkable results. Learn Basic Medical UniversityStudents begin to enter the field of medicine. Cultivation of basic theoretical study and experimental ability is a clinical study of theory and Practice for the future lay a good foundation is particularly important. Based on the experience of Teaching Reform Study of other universities, College of basic medicine, our first carried out the reform of experiment teaching content, basic medical teaching mode and curriculum system, the original experimental physiology, pathophysiology, pharmacology experiment and the related content of integration, innovation, form the basis of medical experiment course new -- functional experiment. This course has prominent characteristics. 1 change the traditional teaching mode, the past is attached to their respective theory course experiment teaching reform experimental course of relative independence, the repeatability of the past all disciplines in experiment teaching are deleted, added new content of scientific development. 2 and changed the simple experiment experiment verification of past simple, increase the exploration of innovative experiments, comprehensive content, providing holistic thinking, technical route, statistical experimental design method. The reform of 3 the school laboratory management system to provide the hardware conditions, cross, fusion penetration implementation related courses, the teaching content can realize. In the process of compiling teaching materials, all the teachers from first to last with a serious attitude, professional dedication spirit, discussion, practice and research repeatedly, provides a scientific, innovative and practical teaching materials for the students of strong. Sincerely hope this textbook play a more and more important role in the teaching practice, and constantly enrich and perfect, and make greater contribution to the teaching reform.
"Functional experiment" breaking the disciplinary boundaries, the physiology, pathology and pharmacology experiment content independent fusion, and adds new content development. The content of the book according to the requirements of the teaching program, highlight the integration of the experiment content asked, highlighting the application of basic training, training of basic skills and new technology experiment. This helps to improve students' ability of independent operation, comprehensive analysis and innovation. "Functional experiment" is applicable to medical college students who major basic course teaching.
The first part of the first chapter of introduction of functional experiment the basics first day of functional experiment aims and demands second experimental results of the third day experimental report writing requirements in section fourth of chapter second laboratory of functional experiment apparatus section 1 general function experiment apparatus second computer in functional experiment of third section of ECG using the third chapter essential techniques of animal experiments first choice of the experimental animal second laboratory animal number third drug concentration and dose calculation section fourth animal capture and fixation method of section fifth animal anesthesia method sixth animal hair removal method seventh animal administration routes and methods eighth acute animal the basic experimental operation technology section of the ninth commonly used animal blood sampling tenth Laboratory animal were sacrificed second basic experimental stimulus response relationship in experiment two, nerve conduction velocity were measured in experiment three nerve excitability should not period of experimental determination of skeletal muscle contraction and four single composite contraction five erythrocyte osmotic brittle and identification of blood type A, erythrocyte osmotic Two, the brittleness of ABO blood group identification experiment six premature contraction and intermission experiment seven cardiovascular exercise neurohumoral regulation experiment eight decompression nerve discharge experiment nine regulation of respiratory movement and negative intrathoracic pressure determination, regulation of respiratory movement two, negative intrathoracic pressure measuring experiment ten phrenic nerve discharge experiment eleven gastrointestinal motion observed in experiment twelve, pancreatic juice and the regulation of bile secretion in experiment thirteen nerve reflex experiment, analysis of reflex arc two, reflection were measured in three, spinal reflex experiment fourteen rabbit brain motor area location and to the brain, Nao Ichi rabbit brain activity area, located two decerebrate rigidity experiment fifteen human EEG were recorded and observed in experiment sixteen, visual acuity and visual field were a determination of two, visual acuity, visual field experimental determination of seventeen sulfonamides plasma concentrations and pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated in experiment eighteen AV, two compartment model and pharmacokinetic parameters calculated nineteen different preparations and route of administration of a drug effect, different routes of administration of drug effect, two different preparation of drug effect experiment twenty plasma drug concentration measurement of the half-life of the real Yan Ershi A norepinephrine on rabbit blood pressure effects of dose effect relationship in experiment twenty-two efferent nervous system drugs discuss discussion two experiments of twenty-three organophosphate poisoning and rescue the experiment twenty-four of sedation and hypnosis, and Valium, animal experimental drugs on spontaneous activity of two, chlorpromazine, stability and the role of three anticonvulsant effect of drugs in experiment twenty-five the analgesic effect of a chemical stimulus method, to study the analgesic effect of two, with the hot plate method to study the analgesic effect of experiment twenty-six anti-inflammatory experiment method, the paw swelling method two, method twenty-seven ear swelling experiment in vitro cardiac inotropic experimental twenty-eight quinidine on experimental arrhythmia effect in experiment twenty-nine, drug safety, drug toxicity experiment, experiment two pentobarbital sodium LD and ED were measured in experiment thirty drug resistance experiment, a specific antagonist and PA were measured in two, nonspecific resistance and PD value determination experiment thirty-one anesthetic pharmacology experiment, pentobarbital sodium of ether anesthesia effect, two epinephrine on procaine infiltration anesthesia, the synergism of three procaine on rabbit spinal canal Four, the anesthetic effect of tetracaine and procaine surface anesthetic effect five, neostigmine on suxamethonium and tubocurarine muscle relaxant effect six, general anesthesia and anesthesia administered seven, procaine conduction anesthesia effect of eight, intravenous anesthesia and enhance anaesthesia, general nine chloroprocaine on neural stem anesthetic effect in experiment thirty-two hyperkalemia in experiment thirty-three, experiment thirty-four experiment thirty-five edema hypoxia pulmonary edema in experiment thirty-six, heart function not entire experiment thirty-seven hepatic encephalopathy in experiment thirty-eight, clinical probation a non-invasive cardiac function examination in two, hemorheology, three critically ill patients with hemodynamic monitoring the third part of a comprehensive experiment of efferent nerve of a drug isolated rabbit intestinal function in experiment two, acid-base balance disorders in experiment three, shock, hemorrhagic shock in two, traumatic shock tube experiment four disseminated blood coagulation experiment five acute respiratory distress syndrome in experiment six, acute renal failure in fourth part exploratory experiment a CNS drug design of experiments, two isolated myocardial electrical experiment of pharmacology experiment the three drugs on the isolated rabbit intestinal mechanism analysis of fifth in some cases. Case case two cases three cases four cases five cases six cases seven cases eight cases nine cases ten cases ten cases twelve cases thirteen cases fourteen sixth part of experimental data statistics processing section statistics of several basic concepts, basic concept, a two experimental samples for estimating the number of three, the basic concepts of experimental design, experimental design four the basic method of second sections of the experimental statistical analysis method, the mathematical basis, two commonly used quantitative data statistical analysis of significance test of three, qualitative data analysis method for the selection of the four, quantitative data statistical methods commonly used experimental animal. Some physiological constant appendix two common physiological solution composition and preparation of appendix three Latin abbreviations and Chinese translating meaning appendix four experiments with a syringe needle size and injection volume appendix five common non volatile anesthetics dose appendix six appendix seven to second part of the video content of experimental questions analytical reference
Illustration: the experiment teaching is an important link of the whole teaching process, it is inseparable, and complement the theory teaching. Physiology, pathophysiology and pharmacology experiment teaching contents have different characteristics, but there are also similarities. In order to carry out the principle of small but efficient, convenient for students to learn, to avoid repetition of interdisciplinary experimental contents, improve teaching quality, we will three disciplines, theoretical knowledge and experimental skills into a "functional experiment". This textbook knowledge, strong science, content is novel and practical. The book is divided into six parts. The first part is the introduction, mainly includes the basic knowledge of experimental class requirements, functional experiment and the basic requirements, common equipment; the second part is the functional experiment foundation experiment; the third part is the comprehensive experiment; the fourth part for the exploring experiment; the fifth part is the case discussion; the sixth part is the statistical processing of experimental data. The first chapter of functional experiment the basics first day of functional experiment objective and requirement of functional experiment course aims to: the basic theory of experiment verify the known, the basic knowledge and basic theory to further consolidate and improve; ② can the proper use of equipment through the experimental class students, operation method preliminary master commonly used instrument; ③ to enable students to understand the scientific method to obtain physiological science knowledge, grasp the animal experimental design method; through the experiment teaching to cultivate students' serious attitude towards scientific work and working method of close and seek truth from facts work style, and gradually to the objective of an observation, comparison, analysis and synthesis to solve practical problems; improve the creativity of students, provide the basic skills for the future clinical practice and scientific research work. In order to achieve the above purpose, require students to do the following. [the] (1) experiment guide carefully read, understand the purpose, requirement, method and steps. (2) combined with the experimental content, review the relevant theory and knowledge, to fully understand, in order to improve the effect of the experimental class. (3) to predict the experimental steps deserving results, theoretical knowledge and the application of known explanation. (4) attention to the possible problems in the experiment. [the] (1) listen to the teachers' instruction and teaching operations, special attention should be paid to the teacher points out matters needing attention during the experiment. (2) placed on experimental equipment to clean, safe, everything in good order and well arranged. (3) operate strictly according to the experimental instruction steps, can not arbitrarily change. May not be independent and experimental activities to. Pay attention to the protection of the experimental animal and specimen, saving equipment and medicines.
"Functional experiment" is one of the basic medical laboratory science books.
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