Illustration: a basic mechanism of the four basic mechanism of disease, disease occurrence, humoral mechanisms, including the neural mechanism of cellular mechanisms and molecular mechanisms. Among them, neural mechanism and humoral mechanisms often occur at the same time, participation, it is often referred to as the solution mechanism of neural development. The mechanism is to cause the disease process directly or indirectly acts on the nervous and humoral system, effects of synthesis, neurotransmitters and humoral factor release and decomposition, and cause the corresponding tissue and organ function, metabolism coordination failure, thus leading to the occurrence of the disease. Pathogenic factors acting on the body, can be directly or indirectly lead to certain cell structural damage and functional metabolic disorder, and cause diseases in the body, called the cellular mechanisms of disease. The rapid development of modern molecular biology, the body disease cognition functional and metabolic changes of morphology, and the understanding of the essence of diseases has entered a new stage. Various pathogenic factors, whether it is the means by which to pathogenic, in the pathogenesis of will in various forms exhibit anomalously large molecular level on the polymer and small molecules. Molecular mechanism from the molecular level mechanisms of disease caused the diseases. Molecular disease "refers to the type of DNA mutation caused by protein disorder characterized by abnormalities, mainly include: ① enzyme defects caused by the disease; ② plasma proteins and cellular structural protein defects caused by the disease; the disease caused by receptor; the membrane transport disorder etc..
Nursing specialty occupation education textbooks textbook for national shortage of skilled personnel training and development, is one of the series covers the humanities and social science curriculum, basic medical courses and professional courses. Nursing staff in twenty-first Century will become the main force and doctors in primary health care, health education and other health care personnel partners. Basic medical knowledge roles in the objective requirements of nursing workers should not only have a generous, but also to understand certain medical frontier information and related research skills. "The construction of curriculum, to cultivate innovative talents" has become the main target of the construction of nursing courses, the curriculum should focus on training target, the renewal education thought and the idea, to carry out quality education as the guide, with emphasis on developing students' innovative ability, practical ability. In the training target, guiding ideology, strengthen the overall concept of desalination discipline consciousness of people, our experience in teaching content integration of domestic and foreign textbooks, disease will occur when the organic integration of abnormal structure and function of body together. This textbook is suitable for higher vocational nursing students to use, but also for the adult college education, medical college students. Principles for compiling textbooks for "necessary, sufficient, practical, good", and with the nurse practicing qualification examination unifies, to highlight the application, practice. Adhere to the "Three Basics" (basic theory, basic knowledge, basic skills), "three" (a particular object, specific requirements, specific restrictions) and "five characters" (thought, scientific, instructive, advanced, practical) at the same time, focusing on knowledge, ability, quality development training target, optimization of the whole textbook, embodying the characteristics of Higher Vocational Education (practicality, openness, occupation), will modern teaching methods combined with pedagogy, theory and practice, pay attention to write formal innovation, conform to the trend of internationalization; writing form and Gu overall optimization and diversified forms, embodies the innovation. Pay attention to students' textbooks to level, to guide students to think, the cultivation of creative thinking and learning ability, not only reflects the education teaching reform, and to promote the teaching reform and promote the service, has strong practicability. Characteristics: ① compiling textbook case discussion: to close clinical, through case analysis, improve the comprehensive analysis of the students the question and solves the question ability; improve the related links and development: to strengthen between subject and subject knowledge fusion, expand their knowledge, cultivate creative thinking and comprehensive analysis ability; the chapter summary: the study content of each chapter as well as the key and difficult be concise and to the point, will help students quickly, to understand and grasp the chapters; the practice and Thinking: for students to learn to grasp the degree of knowledge has been tested; the picture: that learning is no longer dull as ditch water, making it difficult to memory and abstract the problem of image, to mobilize the students interest in learning, improve teaching effect. The book division are as follows: Wang Pengwen (Dongzhimen Hospital of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine) written introduction and first, eight, the ten chapter; Xu Junquan (Fenyang College of Shanxi Medical University) write the introduction and first, two, five or six, eight or nine chapters; Cai Jiyuan (Yongzhou Vocational Technical College), the twelve chapter nine, writing second; Liu Hong (Ya'an Vocational College), chapter twelve, writing second; Xing Guorong (Xiangfan Vocational and Technical College) writing the first, the six chapter; Liu Shuo (Capital Medical University), the eleven chapter seven, writing sixth; Chen Weiya (Hangzhou Normal University) second, three or four, ten, written in eleven chapter; Chen Zhenwen (Fenyang College of Shanxi Medical University) write a seventh, eight or nine chapters; Song Wei Fang (Fenyang College of Shanxi Medical University, three or four, five or six) writing the first chapter; Durbin (Ya'an Vocational College), the eleven chapter written tenth. For that I thank them.
The first chapter introduction section concepts of health and illness second segment disease causes and conditions of third diseases and general rule of development and mechanism of fourth ganglion cells, tissue damage and repair, fifth day course of disease and prognosis of the second chapter blood circulation disorder first local blood volume changes in second day third Festival hemorrhage thrombosis fourth embolization in fifth day sixth Festival infarction ischemia reperfusion injury seventh disseminated intravascular coagulation in eighth day shock in third chapter of water and electrolyte metabolism disorder first day of normal body water, electrolyte distribution and regulation of water second, sodium metabolism section third potassium disorders fourth chapter acid-base equilibrium disorder first acid-base balance and adjust the second day simple acid-base disturbance third mixed acid-base disorders fifth chapter stress the first section outlines the basic performance of second section stress third section stress and disease fourth pathological stress prevention and control principle of the sixth chapter inflammation first conception of inflammation second inflammatory mediators of inflammation in section third basic pathological changes of fourth inflammatory type fifth segment inflammation The clinical manifestations of sixth segment inflammation ending seventh day fever seventh chapter tumor section conception of tumor section second of tumors in general morphology and structure of the third section atypia fourth tumor growth and diffusion section fifth tumor effects on the body section sixth of benign tumor and malignant tumor of the difference between the seventh day nomenclature and classification the eighth section example for tumor section ninth tumor etiology and pathogenesis of cardiovascular system diseases eighth chapter second section first atherosclerosis atherosclerosis and coronary atherosclerosis heart disease third day fourth day fifth day hypertension rheumatic endocarditis sixth valvular disease seventh myocarditis in eighth section ninth chapter first heart failure disease of respiratory system section second day chronic bronchitis and chronic obstructive emphysema...... The tenth chapter eleventh chapter urinary diseases of digestive system, reproductive system diseases twelfth chapter infectious and parasitic diseases @##@ reference pictures This book is the ordinary higher education "eleven five" planning materials. Write in "strengthening the training objectives, weaken discipline consciousness, strengthen the overall concept of people" as the guiding ideology, abnormal structure and function of integrating disease the body together, to do a lot of attempt and exploration in the aspects of content choice arrangement. The book consists of 12 chapters. In order to facilitate the learning, each chapter with learning goals, Zhang Xiaojie and practice and thinking, the majority of chapter a case discussion. Content and practical, concise, pictures, text concise, clear concept, focus on basic and clinical correlation. With true color map and carefully drawn line drawings and patterns; the main noun in the book of English control; each chapter with related links and the improvement of the corresponding content, extension. This book can be used as a training skilled nursing applied talents, teaching books, but also can be used as reference for nursing workers.
"Pathology (nursing clinical basis for the prevention of oral medicine and other professional use)" published by the higher education press.
Medical Science @ 2017